diseases

TAKAYASU ARTERITIS

Introduction
Takayasu's arteritis is a form of an inflammatory and stenotic disease of unknown etiology that affects medium and large sized arteries especially the aorta and its branches.

Takayasu's arteritis damages the aorta which is your body's principal blood vessel, which carries blood from your heart to the rest of your body and its major branches. For this reason it is often referred to as aortic arch syndrome.

Cause:
. The exact cause of Takayasu arteritis is unknown. The disease occurs mainly in children and women younger than 30.
. It is seen especially those who are of Asian or African descent.
. It appears to be an autoimmune condition, in which your immune system attacks your own arteries as if they were foreign substances.

Signs and Symptoms:
Due to inflammation of a blood vessel in Takayasu's arteritis layers of the blood vessel thicken. This narrows the blood vessel, reducing the amount of blood and the oxygen and nutrients from reaching your body's tissues.

High blood pressure, heart failure and other circulatory problems can occur due to reduced blood flow. In some cases, a blood clot may form in an affected artery, obstructing blood flow and causing a stroke or heart attack. Sometimes, a blood vessel may weaken and form a bulge (aneurysm).Signs and symptoms are:
. Chest pain . Dizziness
. Fatigue or tiredness
. Fever
. Weight loss
. Muscular pain
. Joint pain
. Arm weakness or pain with use due to narrowing of arteries and reduced blood flow.
. Light-headedness
. Skin rash
. Night sweats
. Vision changes
. High blood pressure
. Anemia
. Difference in blood pressure in two arms

Diagnosis:
It should be suspected in young women who develop a decrease or absence of peripheral pulses, discrepancies' in blood pressure and arterial bruits.
. Blood tests: C.B.C (Complete Blood Count) - Blood tests may show high white blood cell count and high E.S.R. and also high levels of C-reactive protein, an inflammatory substance produced by your liver.
. Angiography is done to see if blood is flowing normally through your blood vessels or if it's being slowed or interrupted due to narrowing (stenosis) or blockage of a blood vessel. A person suffering from Takayasu's arteritis generally has several areas of stenosis and evidence of increased collateral circulation.
. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)
. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
. Computerized tomography (CT) angiography is done to see the structure of your aorta and its nearby branches, and monitor blood flow. . Ultrasonography. Doppler ultrasound can also help distinguish between Takayasu's arteritis and atherosclerosis, a condition caused due high levels of LDL cholesterol.
. X ray chest

On examination there may be:
. Difference in blood pressure between the two arms
. High blood pressure (Hypertension)

Management:
A constitutional Homeopathic treatment will help in recovering from the illness.

. A balanced diet with fresh fruits and vegetables can prevent high blood pressure and diabetes.
. Get adequate amount of calcium especially through your diet. Milk; low-fat plain yogurt; Swiss, cheddar and ricotta cheeses, broccoli, orange juice and green leafy vegetables. This will help in preventing osteoporosis.
. Regular exercises such as walking, aerobics can help in preventing high blood pressure and diabetes. Yoga and meditation will keep your mind calm and improve your overall sense of well-being.

Follow Us