diseases

SEASONAL ALLERGIES


Introduction
Seasonal allergies commonly known as hay fever occur only during certain seasons i.e. spring, fall or summer causing allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis and allergic asthma.

Although commonly seasonal owing to its relation to airborne pollens, other patterns and etiologies occur. The use of term hay fever to describe seasonal allergies is a common convention but is literally inappropriate because the symptom complex is neither produced by hay nor associated with fever.


Pollen seasons vary in different parts of the country. People may react to one or more pollen, so a person's pollen allergy season may be from early spring to late fall.

Pollen are tiny grains released from flowers which are carried by the wind or insects to cross pollinate other plants of same type for reproductive purpose. When this pollen comes in contact with a person's eyes, nose or lungs allergic reaction can take place in some people and cause allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis etc. Levels of pollen tend to be highest from early morning to mid-morning, from 5AM to 10AM.

Grass pollen is the main cause of late spring and early summer allergies. Spring allergies are a result of pollen from trees such as oak, birch, maple, cypress and poplar.

Weed pollen is the main cause of seasonal allergy in late summer and early fall.

Signs and Symptoms:
Occur when pollens or other allergens come in contact with person's eyes, nose or skin. Usually seen in atopic individuals that is in person's with a family history of similar or related symptom complex and a personal history of collateral allergy expressed as urticaria or asthma.

. Sneezing
. Runny nose
. Conjunctival and pharyngeal itching
. Cough
. Watery eyes
. Congestion
. Swollen blbue colored skin under the eyes.
. Sleeplessness.
. Symptoms of asthma: Cough and wheezing.

Treatment and Management:
Allergy testing can be helpful in predicting the times of the year that you are likely to experience allergy symptoms which is done by skin test or a blood test (RAST)

In most areas pollen is counted and measured. Find out the pollen counts and the types of pollen in your area and also to which types of pollen you are allergic.

Some tips to avoid pollen exposure:
. Stay indoors early morning between 5-10 a.m.
. Keep the windows of your car closed while traveling.
. Close the doors and windows during pollen season early morning.
. Avoid going out on windy days.
. Use air conditioning in your house and car.
. Don't hang your clothes outside for drying as pollen may stick to your clothes and towels.
. Wear a mask while doing outdoor activities.
. Clean carpets and curtains regularly to avoid exposure to dust mites.
. Keep your pets out of your bedroom to avoid exposure to animal dander.

Homeopathic treatment:
Homeopathy treats the disease from the root and does not suppress the disease in any manner. In homeopathy, there are a number of remedies that will help in this disorder. The patient's physical and mental symptoms are considered and a remedy is administered depending on the totality of the symptoms.

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