diseases

MOLLUSCUM CONTAGIOSUM


Introduction:
This is a skin infection which occurs only in human beings. An increased incidence is seen in the patients infected with HIV.


Definition:
This is a mild viral infection of the skin, characterized by papule (firm bumps) formations on the skin, which resolve spontaneously over a period of several weeks to years.

Causes and risk factors:
The causative organism is a kind of the pox virus. The following factors increase the risk of acquiring the infection:

. In patients infected with HIV virus.
. If there is a direct contact with the persons already affected with this infection.
. Genital molluscum can be transmitted by sexual contact with the affected person.
. Any other systemic disorder in which the immune system of the body is hampered.

Screening and diagnosis:
. The skin lesions appear after a period of about 14-50 days after coming in contact with the infected person.
. A rash consisting of shiny, pearly white, waxy, hemispherical papules (eruptions which are elevated from the remaining skin surface) are the classical lesions of molluscum.
. These papules are dimpled and are filled with a cheesy material.
. These lesions are multiple and painless.
. The lesions may appear anywhere on the body sparing the palms and soles; but, face and trunk are most commonly involved.
. Sexually acquired lesions are seen on the lower abdomen, in the groin, the genitals and on the upper thighs.
. The lesions remain for a period of many weeks to 2 years and then resolve spontaneously.

Diagnosis:
The classical lesions of molluscum themselves are diagnostic of the infection. This can be confirmed by detection of typical pox virus like particles from the lesion, on electron microscopy.

Treatment:
. Some lesions may heal spontaneously and require no therapy.
Homoeopathic treatment:
. In homoeopathy, we give constitutional medicines which will not act on the individual lesions; neither will they act only on the infected skin.Infact these medicines act on the patient as a whole, enhance his immunity and help his body to fight against the infection.
. Hence, the infection is removed from its roots.
. As the immunity is increased by our medicines, recurrences are mostly not seen.

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