diseases

Migraine and Homeopathic treatment


It is a form of recurrent headache which varies in frequency and duration. The headache is usually one sided when it starts, it is associated with loss of appetite and sometimes with nausea and vomiting. Sometimes it is associated with mood changes, sensory and motor changes.

Pre disposing factors:
. Age: The typical migraine starts in adolescence and continues at intervals until the sixth decade of life and they tend to cease during this phase.
. Sex: It is more common in women.
. Hereditary influences/factors: the transmitted factor being an abnormal response to cranial and other vasculature (Blood supply) to certain internal as well as external stimuli.

Precipitating factors:
. Certain kind of food like chocolates, cheese, citrus, fruits, coffee can trigger off an attack.
. Prolonged exposure to bright light.
. Low blood sugar levels caused due to prolonged fasting.
. Stress can also be one of the precipitating factors.
. Mild head injury like heading the ball while playing football can also lead to an attack.
Other associated complaints with migraine can be Epilepsy, Allergy, Tension headaches.

Mechanisms of migraine:
In patients suffering from migraine there is a familiar tendency towards increased vascular contractibility which produces a sequence of contractions and dilatations.

A stimulus which will produce a normal flush in a healthy human being can produce an uncoordinated circulatory response in a patient suffering from migraine and will lead to constriction of the small vessels and dilatation of arteries and veins.

Serotonin (A hormone) which is released from the platelets produces vasoconstriction (Constriction of the blood supplying vessels.).Serotonin which is released gets adsorbed into the vessel wall and in combination with locally released heparin and neurokinin produces pain.

Types of Migraine
Classical migraine:

The symptoms before the attack can be vague yawning increased sense of happiness, or depressed feeling and lethargy.

Aura: there is visual disturbance, flashing lights, zig zag castellation; filaments of light may start at the periphery or at the center. Fragmentation jigsaw appearances (teichopsia) are common. The aura lasts for half an hour and is followed by headaches.

The headache is one sided but it soon becomes generalized. It starts as a vague pain then develops into a throbbing headache. It is associated with pallor, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting and photophobia (increased sensitivity to light).

The attack lasts for several hours and after vomiting it decreases in intensity and can be followed by sleep. Sometimes the headache can last up to 48hours or more.

During the headache the superficial temporal artery may be congested and pulsating.

The variants of migraine:
a) Common migraine: in this type the aura is absent; headache is less often one-sided (unilateral).This type of migraine is more common then the classical type. The attacks are more often related to the factors like menstruation and relaxation after stress.

b) Vertebro-basilar migraine: this type occurs due to spasm of the Vertebro basilar artery this usually starts in the third decade of life. The symptoms are different from the classical migraine. Aura may be present but the symptoms are ataxia (Involuntary movement) bilateral paraesthisiae, vertigo, double vision or there can be transitional loss of consiciouness.headache is commonly occipital.

c) Hemiplegic migraine: This is often a familiar headache is followed by contra lateral hemi paresis (weakness of one side) or hemiplegia (Paralysis of one side.) which may last up to 10 days. The patient can have several attacks affecting one side of the body and during he next attack the opposite side is affected.

d) Migrainious neuralgia (Cluster headaches) It mainly occurs in men. This is an episodic type of headache which is mostly one sided over the orbits or in the temporal region. There is intense pain if untreated and it can last for 15-180 minutes.

The headache is associated with one of the following symptoms on the painful side.
. Conjunctival injection redness of the conjunctiva
. Watery discharge from the eyes (Lachrymation).
. Congestion of the nose
. Flushing of the face and forehead
. Rhinorrhea
. Ptosis: drooping of the eyelids
. Swelling of the eyelids.

The incidence of the attack ranges from one attack on alternate days to eight attacks per day.

Chronic: The attacks occur for more then one year without remission or with remission lasting for less then 14 days.

e) Post traumatic migraine: this can start after a minor head injury like heading a football (Footballers migraine).It is associated by vertigo and occasionally with vomiting.

f) Opthalmoplegic migraine: in this type of headache the pain is around the eyes and is accompanied with weakness of movement of one eye.(usually 3rd nerve) which may remain for some days even after the headache has subcided.Children are more commonly affected.

g) Facial migraine: This is an episodic one sided headache associated with facial pain. Other symptoms suggestive of migraine or cluster headache are also present .It can be distinguished from them by its longer duration of pain, lack of clustering and more frequent attacks of nausea and vomiting. h) Retinal migraine: loss of vision associated to one eye.

i) Complicated migraine: after the first attack the patient is left with persistent neurological deficit (i.e. Neurological signs and symptoms remaining due to some pathology in the nervous system).This happens more commonly in Hemiplegic migraines.CT scan reveals this is a much common occurrence then previously believed .It shows the pathological basis to be infarction (i.e. tissue death due to loss of blood supply) or ischemia (reduced blood supply.).

j) Symptomatic migraine: when there are structural lesions like angiomatous malformations or aneurysms but the symptom presentation is of migraine such type is known as symptomatic migraine.

Prevention or reducing the frequency and severity of subsequent attacks by elimination of trigger factors:
. Certain foods,
. Irregular eating habits
. Late nights,
. Missing meals,
. Avoiding chocolates and cheese
. Stress, emotional stress
. Treatment of cervical spondylitis
. Relaxation exercises, doing yoga, Pranayama, breathing exercises, meditation.
. Lying in a darkened room or an ice pack to the head may help during the attack.

Role of Homeopathy:
The role of homeopathy lies in the fact that it can bring back the lost balance in the human body when it is in a diseased state. Homeopathic remedies act at the psycho neuro endocrinal axis. In other words it stimulates the human body which in turn will take care of the disease.

The right homeopathic remedy prescribed on the totality of the symptoms will help in relieving the pain. It will also improve the overall health and reduce the frequency of the attacks and then remission can be attained.

Read more about : Treated Case of Migraine with Homeopathy: Click Here

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