diseases

DRY EYES


Introduction:
Eyes are continuously covered by a constant layer of fluid designed to remain stable when a person blinks. Tears help to wash away foreign bodies from the surface of the eye. They keep the cornea moist. They also have bacteriostatic action due to the presence of enzyme lysozome.

The tear film protects eyes and lubricates them. Tears are secreted by special glands known as lachrimal glands. When there is an imbalance in this tear system, a person may experience dry eyes. An imbalance in the substances that make up the tear film also lead to dry eyes. It usually occurs in adults.


Causes:
. Tears are a combination of water, oils and mucus. When there is an imbalance in the composition of tears the person may experience dry eyes symptoms. Sometimes people don't produce enough tears to keep their eyes moist
. Dry eyes can affect both men and women usually after the age of 40.The condition is more common among women, especially after menopause. This may be due to hormonal changes. Tear production decreases as age advances and enough tears are not produced. Hence eyes become dry and irritated
. Dry eyes can also occur due to side effects of certain medications such as antihistamines, blood pressure medications, antidepressants, birth control pills etc.
. Air conditioning system can also cause dry eyes
. Staring at a computer screen for long hours
. Dry eyes could be also due to systemic diseases such as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.
. Sjogren's syndrome which includes dry eyes, mouth and mucus membranes, and often accompanies other autoimmune disorders - such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus
. Rheumatoid arthritis or other joint disorder
. Long term use of contact lenses

Symptoms:
Usually both the eyes are affected.
. Persistent dryness, scratching and burning sensation in eyes
. Sometimes a person experiences a sense of a foreign substance in eyes
. Sometimes there is watering of the eyes. This is due to dry eyes there is over stimulation and increased production of watery component of tears
. Increased eye irritation from smoke or wind
. Difficulty wearing contact lenses
. Exhaustion after reading for a short while
. Blurred vision.
. Itching and redness
. A gritty sensation

Complications:
If left untreated it may lead to infection, scarring on the surface of cornea and eye inflammation.

Homeopathic Management
In homeopathy, there are a number of remedies for dry eyes. A proper history is essential to know whether dry eyes syndrome is due to menopause or due to some underlying disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus Erythematosus etc. and the patient is treated accordingly. The patient's physical and mental symptoms are considered and a remedy is administered. Homeopathy treats the disease from the root and does not suppress the disease in any manner.

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